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Critiique of an Academic Paper on Suicide
Below is a copy of a paper I found on suicide.
It never mentions abuse except for "substance" abuse.
It does not talk about a person's emotional needs or even needs at all.
It does not contain the words emotion, emotions or emotional.
It only uses the word "feel" twice. It does not use the word "feels". It uses "feeling" or "feelings" just once.
It does not talk about parents at all.
Like most academic article it starts out with statistics. Basically, it sounds like almost every other academic paper on suicide that I have read.
Other EQI.org Topics:
Professional Counseling Digest ACAPCD-03 2007 IS PATH WARM?
A Suicide Assessment Mnemonic for Counselors
Gerald A. Juhnke, Ed.D., Paul F. Granello, Ph.D., and Maritza Lebrón-Striker, M.A.
Suicide is the 11th leading cause of death among all
Americans (Anderson and Smith, 2003), the second leading
cause of death among Americans ages 25-34, and the third
leading cause of death among Americans ages 10 to 14 and
15 to 24 (Centers for Disease Controls, 2005). Annual
death certificates in the US suggest that over 30,000
persons commit suicide each year (National Center for
Health Statistics, 2006). This includes 2004, the most
recent year of fully collected suicide data, when 32,439
persons took their lives via suicide (American
Association of Suicidology, 2006). The numbers are
staggering. Approximately 89 persons in the US commit
suicide every day (McIntosh, 2006). This equates to
nearly four suicides each hour, one suicide every 16
minutes (McIntosh, 2006). Unfortunately, the robust
suicide numbers depicted above may inaccurately reflect
the true significance of US suicides (Granello &
Granello, 2007; Granello & Juhnke, in press). This is
because suicide data are based on causes of death
reported on death certificates. Given that many suicides
are likely misreported not as suicides but as vehicular
accidents, hunting accidents, swimming accidents, or
accidental alcohol or drug overdoses, the true suicide
number is most likely significantly higher.
Concomitantly, the current suicide rates fail to address
the number of failed suicide attempts. No governmental
agency collects data related to suicide attempts, and
there is no nationally standardized data collection among
physicians or hospitals related to suicide attempts.
Despite this lack of data collection, the American
Association of Suicidology (2006) estimates that 25
suicide attempts occur for each completed suicide. Based
on this estimate, McIntosh (2006) suggested that
approximately 811,000 persons in the US made unsuccessful
suicide attempts in 2004. This equates to one suicide
attempt every 39 seconds (McIntosh, 2006). McIntosh
(2006) further suggests that the number of suicide
survivors in the US (e.g., parents, partners, children,
etc.) is approximately 4.5 million persons and rapidly
The specific risk factors are:
Suicide Ideation: Does the client report active
suicidal ideation or has she written about her suicide or
death? Does the client report the desire to kill herself?
Does she voice a desire to purchase a gun with the
intention of using the gun to kill herself? Does she
voice the intention to kill herself with a gun, weapon,
or car that she currently has in possession or can gain
Purposelessness: Does the client voice a lack or loss
of purpose in life? Does she see little or no sense or
reason for continued living?
Withdrawing: Does the client indicate a desire to
withdraw from significant others, family, friends, and
society? Has she already begun withdrawing?
Counselors conducting a suicide risk assessment should
investigate each of the above noted risk factors both
with the client and, when appropriate releases of
|Gerald A. Juhnke, Ed.D., LPC, NCC, MAC, CCAS, ACS, is Professor and Doctoral Program Director in the Department of Counseling and Educational Psychology at The University of Texas at San Antonio. Paul F. Granello, Ph.D., is Associate Professor in Counselor Education in the School of Physical Activity and Educational Services, College of Education at The Ohio State University and is the Research Director of The Ohio Suicide Prevention Foundation. Maritza Lebrón-Striker, M.A., is a doctoral student at The University of Texas at San Antonio. ACA Professional Counseling Digests are produced by Counseling Outfitters, LLC, in collaboration with the American Counseling Association. Copyright © 2007 American Counseling Association Suggested APA style reference: Juhnke, G. A., Granello, P. F., & Lebrón-Striker, M.A. (2007). IS PATH WARM? A suicide assessment mnemonic for counselors (ACAPCD-03). Alexandria, VA: American Counseling Association.|